English Words in Action, Group J

(a variety of English words which have developed through history and are currently used in our modern age)

English vocabulary quizzes in random order from easy to more difficult for greater word skills.

Simply click on this banner (or the following link) and you will be on your way to stimulate your brain for greater word comprehension with quizzes based on some of the words in this unit.

jab (s) (noun), jabs (pl)
Fast, short punches or blows: Roger's left jabs had just about finished the other boxer by the sixth round.
jab (JAHB) (verb), jabs; jabbed; jabbing
To make sudden poking or efforts to touch someone or something in a swift, unexpected manner: All during the game, Billy kept jabbing Mildred in the side.
jabber (s) (noun), jabbers (pl)
Talking, or chatter, that is characterized as quick, incessant, and often foolish: Mona's endless jabber on her cell phone was infuriating the people sitting near her on the bus.
jabber (JAHB uhr) (verb), jabbers; jabbered; jabbering
To speak in a rapid, aimless, often unfocused manner: Roger was jabbering on and on about nothing in particular and bored everyone during the dinner.
jacket (JAK it) (s) (noun), jackets (pl)
1. A coat typically extending only from the shoulders to the waist or slightly below it: Everyone should have a light jacket for the cool days of spring.
2. A covering for the outside of a book designed to protect it: The book was protected by a jacket of clear plastic.
jaded (JAY did) (adjective), more jaded, most jaded
1. Descriptive of something that is overused or worn out: James thought the movie dealt with the same old jaded themes of betrayal and revenge.
2. Relating to someone who is disinterested and bored: Janice told Glenda that the Parisians are jaded and not easily impressed by foreigners.
Tired, exhausted, and worn out.
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jet lag (s) (noun) (no plural)
A very tired and unpleasant feeling which a person sometimes gets when he or she travels by aircraft somewhere far away: Gerda had bad jet lag after her last trip overseas.
jet lagged (noun), more jet lagged, most jet lagged
Descriptive of being very tired and lacking physical energy after a long flight: Walter's jet lagged sister had to recuperate and readjust to her normal life after her flight home from Canada back to Germany.
jounce (verb), jounces; jounced; jouncing
1. To bounce up and down and rock from side to side while moving, or to make someone or something move in this way: The truck was jouncing over the ruts in the road and upsetting Paul's stomach.
2. To move or to cause to move repeatedly by bouncing up and down: Marvin's grandfather was enjoying the opportunity to jounce his granddaughter on his knee.
3. Etymology: used from about 1440, of unknown origin; perhaps a blend of jump and bounce.
jouncy (adjective), more jouncy, most jouncy
Moving up and down over and over again: It was difficult to ride in Jim's jouncy car because the shock absorbers needed to be replaced.
juggernaut, Juggernaut (s) (noun); juggernauts, Juggernauts
1. Something; such as, a belief or institution, which elicits blind and destructive devotion or to which people are ruthlessly sacrificed: Athena's parents were concerned about the juggernaut to which their daughter was devoted.

The fleet of trucks advanced on the pit mine like a juggernaut, inexorably powerful and unstoppable.

When capitalized, Juggernaut refers to the idol of the Hindu god Krishna, which was pulled around on a huge cart or wagon.

2. Origin: The Hindustani name for juggernaut was jaganath, "world-protector".

Devotees of the god are said to have thrown themselves under the wheels to be crushed to death in their frenzies of devotion; so, juggernaut came to mean anything to which we are blindly enslaved or as an irresistible crushing force.

Whether this was actually the practice or merely a misinterpretation of the deaths of those caught in the crush of people pulling the over-sized wagon, the British associated willful self-destruction with the Jagannath during the festival of Puri every year.


Links to all of the groups of English words in action, Groups A to Z.

You may see the bibliographic list of sources of information for these words in action.