You searched for: “atom
atom
The smallest unit of an element, a fundamental substance, that still retains the properties of that element.
This entry is located in the following unit: Biology Terms + (page 2)
Word Entries at Word Info: “atom
atom (s) (noun), atoms (pl)
1. A core, or nucleus, of protons and neutrons that are surrounded by an orbiting cloud of electrons: The chemical behavior of an atom is largely determined by the distribution of its electrons, particularly the number that exist in its outermost level.

Carbon, the sixth element of the periodic table of atoms, forms the basis of most biological molecules and oxygen is another atom, one of about a hundred basic elements that make up all of the objects around us.

2. The fundament building blocks for all matter: An atom is the smallest representative sample of a chemical element and it consists of a positively charged nucleus surrounded by negatively charged electrons.

All of the matter on the Earth is made of atoms which are the chemical structures of our world.

New modern atomic theory is generally credited to an English meteorologist, John Dalton (1766-1844), who suggested that for each chemical element there was a corresponding species of indivisible objects called atoms.

Two or more atoms that are joined together form a molecule which is the same term that applies to any cluster of atoms which can be isolated, whether it contains two atoms or a thousand atoms.

3. A tiny particle or a very small amount of anything: After the politician's presentation, Nicola was heard to say that there was not an atom of truth in anything that he had said.
4. Etymology: atom means "not cut, indivisible"; from Greek atomos, "uncut, indivisible"; from a-, "not" + tomos, "a cutting"; from temnein, "to cut".
Word Entries at Word Info containing the term: “atom
electronegative atom
An atom that readily accepts electrons and so has a tendency to acquire a partial negative charge in a covalent bond (a chemical bond between two atoms in which electrons are shared between the two nuclei) or to form a negative ion.
This entry is located in the following unit: electro-, electr-, electri- (page 57)
electropositive atom
An atom which readily yields electrons and so has the tendency to acquire a partial positive charge in a covalent bond or to form a positive ion.
This entry is located in the following unit: electro-, electr-, electri- (page 79)
ionized atom
1. Any atom with more or fewer electrons than protons, resulting in a net charge.
2. An atom with an excess or deficiency of electrons, so that it has a net charge.
This entry is located in the following unit: ion, ion- + (page 7)
neutral atom
An atom in which the number of electrons that surround the nucleus is the same as the number of protons in the nucleus, resulting in no electric charge.
This entry is located in the following unit: neutro-, neuter-, neutr-, neut- + (page 1)
quasi atom (s) (noun), quasi atoms (pl)
A system in which the nuclei of two colliding atoms briefly overlap: So, such quasi atoms seem to be one atom with a combined atomic number.
This entry is located in the following unit: quasi- (page 1)