You searched for: “axon
axon
An extension of a nerve cell, similar in shape to a thread, that transmits impulses outward from the cell body.

This makes them ideal for operating on subcellular structures; such as, the axon, the long tail by which a neuron sends information to its neighbors and which are far too small for even the finest robotic surgical hands to maneuver.

This entry is located in the following unit: Femtolaser (page 1)
axon
1. A long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts electrochemical impulses away from the cell body toward other nerve cells, or toward an effector organ; such as, a muscle.
2. An extension of a nerve cell, similar in shape to a thread, that transmits impulses outward from the cell body.
3. A long fiber of a nerve cell (neuron) that acts somewhat like a fiber-optic cable to carry out-going messages.

The neuron sends electrical impulses from its cell body thorough the axon to target cells. Each nerve cell has one axon. An axon can be over a foot long.

Axons terminate in synapses, junctions with other nerve cells, muscles, or glands.

This entry is located in the following unit: Anatomy and Related Anatomical Terms (page 4)