Anatomy and Related Anatomical Terms

(the structure of organisms from the smallest components of cells to the biggest organs and their relationships to other organs especially of the human body)

Diseases affect the anatomy and changes in the anatomical structure can cause diseases.

axon (s) (noun), axons (pl)
A long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts electrochemical impulses away from the cell body toward other nerve cells, or toward an effector organ, such as a muscle: An axon is a prolongation of a nerve cell, similar in shape to a thread, that transmits impulses outward from the cell body.

An axon is a long fiber of a nerve cell (neuron) that acts somewhat like a fiber-optic cable to carry out-going messages.

The neuron sends electrical impulses from its cell body thorough the axon to target cells. Each nerve cell has one axon. An axon can be over a foot long.

Axons terminate in synapses, junctions with other nerve cells, muscles, or glands.

cerebral infarction (s) (noun), cerebral infarctions (pl)
A stroke: The cerebral infarction that the elderly Mr. Smith had was caused by a blockage of a blood vessel in his brain.
clastic anatomy (s) (noun), clastic anatomies (pl)
Artificial anatomy using models or drawings in layers: Clastic anatomy is the study or construction on superimposed plastic sheets in removable layers depicting successively deeper structures as seen in an encyclopedia, medical dictionary, etc.
comparative anatomy (s) (noun) (no pl)
The systematic comparison of bodily structures and their functions in living organisms: In her class on comparative anatomy, Kitty learned about the similarities and differences in the structural parts of a physical body.
descriptive anatomy (s) (noun) (no pl)
The description of the structure of tissues, organs, and parts of an organism: Descriptive anatomy depicts the regions areas of a body as observed, either macroscopically or microscopically, without necessarily referring to their functions.
developmental anatomy (s) (noun) (no pl)
The branch of embryology concerned primarily with the development of structure, tissues, and organs of an organism: Developmental anatomy deals with the growth of a living form from the time of egg fertilization until adulthood, rather than with, for example, biochemical, genetic, or with the experimental aspects.
feces (pl) (noun)
The body's solid waste matter: Feces are composed of undigested food, bacteria, water, and bile pigments that are discharged from the bowel through the anus.

The medical and scientific term for the "excrement discharged from the intestines" is feces.

For more informative words about this subject, go to this feces unit.

general anatomy (s) (noun) (no pl)
The branch of anatomy that comprises the structure of animal forms: Jill took a course in general anatomy that combined gross and microscopic anatomy of the organs, tissues, and fluids of the body.
histologist (s) (noun), histologists (pl)
A scientist who studies tissues and cells: A histologist examines the microscopic structures of cells by using microscopic techniques.
histology (s) (noun), histologies (pl)
An integral sub-specialty of anatomy dealing with the microscopic structures of animals and plants: In histology the tissues and cells of an organism's structures are treated with special chemicals and studied with a light microscope.
histolysis, physiolysis (s) (noun); histolyses; physiolyses (pl)
The dissolution of bodily tissue: Mary found out that histolysis pertained to the breakdown or decomposition of organic tissues and blood.
histopathology, pathologic histology (s) (noun); histopathologies; pathologic histologies
The study of the structural alterations of cells and tissues that are caused by a disease: Alice was interested in learning more about histopathology and the changes in cells that occur when they are affected by disorders and illnesses.
infarction (s) (noun), infarctions (pl)
A localized necrosis that occurs from an obstruction of the blood supply: An infarction causes tissues to die when the supply of the body's vital fluid to a tissue is blocked or cut off.
medical anatomy (s) (noun) (no pl)
The application of anatomic knowledge to the location, diagnosis, and treatment of medical disorders: Medical anatomy combines surface anatomy and 2D imaging of the extremities, head and trunk in order for a student to understand the body structure in a 3D effect.
myocardial infarction (s) (noun), myocardial infarctions (pl)
A heart attack: A coronary thrombosis can cause a myocardial infarction when the supply of blood to the heart is interrupted.

Here is more information about Anatomy, Its Origins and Development.

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