Measurements and Mathematics Terms

(mathematics is the deductive study of quantities, magnitudes, and shapes as determined by the use of numbers and symbols while every branch of science and engineering depends on mathematics; measurement is the process of associating numbers with physical quantities and phenomena and measurement is fundamental to the sciences; to engineering, construction, and other technical fields; and to almost all everyday activities)

parallel
Lines or planes that are equidistant from each other and do not intersect.

Any perpendicular distance between parallel lines or planes is the same at any location.

pentagons
Polygons (many angles) having five sides and five interior angles.
percent
A quantity based on parts of 100; for example, 20 percent is equivalent to 20/100.
perpendicular
At right angles to a line or plane.
polygon
A geometric figure that is bound by many straight lines or a two-dimensional geometric figure formed of three or more straight sides.

The literal etymological meaning is a figure of "many angles" or poly-, "many" + gon, "angle".

product
The result of a multiplication problem.
proper fraction
A fraction in which the numerator is smaller than the denominator.
proportion
An equality of two ratios.
One of the four quarters into which the plane of a rectangular co-ordinate system.
quantification
The act of quantifying or giving a numerical value to a measurement.
quantify
To determine the quantity of a measurement.
quotient
The result of a division problem.