# Measurements and Mathematics Terms

#### (mathematics is the deductive study of quantities, magnitudes, and shapes as determined by the use of numbers and symbols while every branch of science and engineering depends on mathematics; measurement is the process of associating numbers with physical quantities and phenomena and measurement is fundamental to the sciences; to engineering, construction, and other technical fields; and to almost all everyday activities)

A theory can lead to a new conclusion or the discovery of a phenomenon. Developments of a theory often result in a change in paradigm; that is, looking at or thinking about a scientific problem in a totally different way as indicated by a set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitute a way of viewing reality for the scientific community that shares them.

*y*(vertical) axis.

To determine its absolute weight, a body must be weighed in a vacuum or an allowance must be made for buoyancy (tendency or capacity to remain afloat in a liquid or to rise in air or gas).

2. The acceleration due to gravity, for instance, is 32 feet (9.8 meters) per second per second; means that for every second an object falls, its velocity is increasing, too.

The true value is the value currently accepted by a certain field of science.

2. A unit that is sometimes used to measure large volumes of water; such as, the capacity of a reservoir (equal to its area in acres multiplied by its average depth in feet).

2. The angular distance; usually measured in degrees, above the horizon, from zero degrees at the horizon to 90 degrees at the zenith.

One of the two co-ordinates (the other being azimuth) that define a celestial object's position, used with an altazimuth mount.

The indication is the product of current (in amperes) and time (in hours).

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