Herodotus, The Fifth-Century B.C. Greek Traveler and Historian
(Herodotus extended his historical coverage beyond the Greek world to the lives, ways, and beliefs of the people with whom the Greeks and the Persians came into contact)
Once established, the colony was expected to be self-sufficient.
Colonies were sent out throughout Greek history, but the great age of Greek colonization extended from about 750 to 550 B.C.
Hoplite armor was introduced into Greece from the Near East during the seventh century.
A hoplite fought in a line, known as a phalalnx, while holding a large round shield (a hoplon) in his left hand and a spear in his right hand.
Each hoplite's shield protected the fighter on his left side, and it was essential that the soldiers keep their formation in the line
It usually provided the equipment and the founder, or chief official, for the colony.
The procedure was designed to keep a man from becoming too influential.
A man who was ostracized was still entitled to any profits resulting from his property and that property was not diminished or harmed while he was in exile.
Not like the helots, they had local autonomy, but they followed the Spartan policies in foreign policy and went with the Spartans on their military campaigns.
Since Spartan society was wholly militaristic, the perioeci practiced all the crafts and trades which were needed by the Spartan community.
Each trireme also had a group of marines on board to handle any military needs.
Tyrants existed throughout Greek history, but some people refer to an "age of tyranny" (mid-seventh to late sixth centuries, B.C.) when most of the Greek city states (Sparta being the special exception) were ruled by tyrants.
The tyrannies, although passed on from a father to his son, rarely lasted longer than two generations.
In Asia Minor, the Persians installed tyrants to rule their Greek subjects, but such rulers were unpopular.