Anatomy and Related Anatomical Terms

(the structure of organisms from the smallest components of cells to the biggest organs and their relationships to other organs especially of the human body)

Diseases affect the anatomy and changes in the anatomical structure can cause diseases.

anatomic position
A standard position of the body:
  • standing erect
  • facing directly forward
  • feet pointed forward and slightly apart
  • arms hanging down at the sides with the palms facing forward

This position is used as a reference to describe sites or motions of various parts of the body.

anatomic snuffbox, anatomical snuffbox
A small, cup-like depression on the back of the hand at the base of the thumb near the wrist formed by the three tendons reaching toward the thumb and index finger as the thumb is turned toward the palm and then spread back out as the wrist is turned back and forth.
anatomic topography
A system of identification of a body part in terms of the regionn in which it is located and its nearby structures.
anatomic zero joint position
The beginning point of a joint range of motion.
anatomical dead space
The portions of the respiratory tract within the trachea, bronchi, and air passages containing air that does not reach the alveoli (tiny, thin-walled, capillary-rich sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place) during breathing.

The amount of dead space is increased by certain lung disorders; such as, emphysema.

anatomical, anatomic
A reference to anatomy or the structural organization of an organism.
anatomicomedical
A descriptive term for anatomy and medicine or to medical anatomy.
anatomicopathological
Referring to anatomy and pathology (diseased condition or study of disease) or to pathological anatomy.
anatomicophysiological
Pertaining to anatomy and physiology.
anatomicosurgical
Referring to anatomy and surgery or to surgical anatomy.
anatomism
1. The theoretical concept that the phenomena of life in organized bodies are due to their structure.
2. The application of the principles of anatomical structure and the exhibition of anatomical detail, as in painting, sculpture, and other art forms.
3. The tendency to explain the physiology of an organ by its particular anatomical structure.
anatomist
Someone who is professionally involved in or a specialist in the science of anatomy.
anatomopathology
The anatomic aspects of pathology (study of disease).
anatomy
1. The study, classification, and description of structures and organs of the body by observation or examination of a living being, examination or dissection of dead specimens, microscopic examination, and/or by the use of text books.
2. The science of the structural organization of any organism, whether plant or animal.
3. The macroscopic structural organization of a part or body, usually determined by means of dissection.

The term anatomy is almost a direct borrowing of the Greek anatome, because the Greeks were among the first known to systematically dissect the human body.

The Greek word is a compound of ana-, "up" + tome, "a cutting"; therefore, the earlier anatomy was a "cutting up" and "dissection" remains even to this day the essential method of learning about the structure of the body.

The study of the human body was not very reliable during the so-called Dark Ages until Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), a Flemish anatomist, revived the study of anatomy with his publication of De Humani Corporis Fabrica, "The Structure of the Human Body", in 1543.

androgen
The general name for any male sex hormone, of which testosterone is the most important.

Here is more information about Anatomy, Its Origins and Development.

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