Anatomy and Related Anatomical Terms

(the structure of organisms from the smallest components of cells to the biggest organs and their relationships to other organs especially of the human body)

Diseases affect the anatomy and changes in the anatomical structure can cause diseases.

normal histology
The study of normal tissues and cells using microscopic techniques.
physiologic anatomy, functional anatomy
The study of the structure of organs and tissues in relation to their normal functions.
plastic anatomy
Artificial anatomy utilizing manikins of plastic or other materials, parts of which may be removed to expose adjacent structures.
practical anatomy
The study of anatomy by means of dissection and demonstration.
radiological anatomy
The study of normal bodily parts and their interrelations by using radiological techniques.
regional anatomy
The study of structures in distinct regions of the body, isolated for descriptive convenience or on a functional basis; such as, the head, the limbs, and the abdomen, or subdivisions of these including the shoulder region, the brachial region (arm, foreleg, etc.), the gluteal region (a reference to any of the three large muscles of each buttock; especially, the gluteus maximus, that extend, abduct, and rotate the thigh), etc.
segmental anatomy
The anatomy of the lungs in terms of their broncho-pulmonary segments.
special anatomy
The detailed anatomy of specific organs or groups of organs and tissues as they are related to each other by their particular functions.
surface anatomy
The study of the form and markings of the surface of the body; especially, as they relate to underlying tissues and organs.
surgical anatomy
The study of the anatomy of a region of the body with particular emphasis on concepts important to the diagnosis and treatment of a surgically correctable disease.
systematic anatomy, systemic anatomy
The study of an organism's structures grouped into functional systems; such as, respiratory, endocrine, digestive, nervous, circulatory, etc.; without regard to specific regions.
topographic anatomy
The study of an organism's structures in relation to their neighboring structures as revealed by dissection, light and electron microscopy, or other techniques.

As an example, in gross anatomy, the relationships of nerves, blood vessels,and lymph nodes to a particular muscle, ligament, etc.

topographic histology
The study of cell and tissue specialization according to the anatomic site in which they occur.
transcendental anatomy
The study of the anatomy of organisms in the light of deductions and theories concerning the possible variants derived from hypothetical ancestral forms.
veterinary anatomy
The branch of anatomy dealing with the form and structure of domesticated animals.

Here is more information about Anatomy, Its Origins and Development.

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