Anatomy and Related Anatomical Terms

(the structure of organisms from the smallest components of cells to the biggest organs and their relationships to other organs especially of the human body)

Diseases affect the anatomy and changes in the anatomical structure can cause diseases.

axon
1. A long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts electrochemical impulses away from the cell body toward other nerve cells, or toward an effector organ; such as, a muscle.
2. An extension of a nerve cell, similar in shape to a thread, that transmits impulses outward from the cell body.
3. A long fiber of a nerve cell (neuron) that acts somewhat like a fiber-optic cable to carry out-going messages.

The neuron sends electrical impulses from its cell body thorough the axon to target cells. Each nerve cell has one axon. An axon can be over a foot long.

Axons terminate in synapses, junctions with other nerve cells, muscles, or glands.

cerebral infarction
A stroke.
clastic anatomy
Artificial anatomy using models or drawing on superimposed plastic sheets in removable layers depicting successively deeper structures as seen in an encyclopedia, medical dictionary, etc.
comparative anatomy
The systematic comparison of bodily structures and their functions in living organisms.
descriptive anatomy
The description of the structure of tissues, organs, and parts as observed, either macroscopically or microscopically, without necessarily referring to their functions.
developmental anatomy
1. The branch of embryology concerned primarily with the development of structure, tissues, and organs, rather than with; for example, biochemical, genetic, or the experimental aspects.
2. Embryology of an organism from the time of egg fertilization until adulthood is attained.
feces
1. The body's solid waste matter, composed of undigested food, bacteria, water, and bile pigments that are discharged from the bowel through the anus.
2. The medical and scientific term for the "excrement discharged from the intestines."

For more informative words about this subject, go to this feces unit.

general anatomy
The combined gross and microscopic anatomy of the organs, tissues, and fluids of the body.
histologist
A scientist who studies tissues and cells by using microscopic techniques.
histology
An integral sub-specialty of anatomy wherein the tissues and cells of an organism's structures are treated with special chemicals and studied with a light microscope.
histolysis, physiolysis
The dissolution of bodily tissue.
histopathology, pathologic histology (s) (noun) histopathologies, pathologic histologies
The study of the structural alterations of cells and tissues that are caused by a disease.
infarction
Tissues that die when the blood supply to a tissue is blocked or cut off.
medical anatomy
The application of anatomic knowledge to the location, diagnosis, and treatment of medical disorders.
myocardial infarction
A heart attack.

Here is more information about Anatomy, Its Origins and Development.

Also see this Index or Menu for a variety of other topics.